The Project Tycho™ database aims are to advance the availability and use of public health data for science and policy. We do this by acquisition of new data, by building infrastructure for data standardization, integration, quality control, and data redistribution, by developing innovative analytics, and by advocacy. Read more about aims and activities.
We named the Project Tycho™ database after the Danish nobleman Tycho Brahe (1546—1601), who is known for his detailed astronomical and planetary observations. Tycho was not able to use all of his data for breakthrough discoveries, but his assistant Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) used Tycho’s data to derive the laws of planetary motion. Similarly, this project aims to advance the availablity of large scale public health data to the worldwide community to accelerate advancements in scientific discovery and technological progress.
Currently, we have completed digitization of the entire history of weekly Nationally Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) reports for the United States (1888-2013) into a database in computable format (Level 3 data). We have standardized a major part of these data for online access (Level 2 data). A subset of the U.S. data was cleaned further and used for a study on the impact of vaccination programs in the United States that was recently published in the NEJM (Level 1 data).
Back in May, the World Health Organization approved a device for adult male circumcision, called PrePex.
The idea behind the device is simple: Two plastic rings and an elastic band cut off blood supply to the foreskin. After about a week, the foreskin shrivels up and can be removed.
The WHO found the PrePex device ”to be efficacious in male circumcision and safe for use among healthy men 18 years and older when used by trained physicians and mid-level providers.”
Now Rwanda has announced the start of a campaign to circumcise 700,000 men between ages 15 to 49 with PrePex.
The goal is to reduce the spread of HIV, the AFP reports:
"Studies have shown that circumcision reduces the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV/AIDS infection by roughly 60 percent,” the ministry said in a statement, adding that “male circumcision is one of the key strategies to achieving an AIDS-free generation.”
Rwanda currently has about 210,000 people living with HIV. But its rate of infection among adults — about 3 percent — is low compared to that in other countries.
Circumcision by PrePex is cheaper than surgery, but healing time is longer. And the procedure requires two visits to a health clinic.
The photograph shows the three components of the PrePex non-surgical circumcision device. You can learn more about how it works, here.
When you hear the term “next-generation condom”, beef tendon probably isn’t the first thing that pops into your mind.
But a condom made from the cow part is one of the 11 ideas to win $100,000 from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in their reinvent-the-condom competition.
Another winning proposal uses a material that shrinks when it warms up on the body so it provides a perfect fit. Yet another team combined opening the condom package with application — in a single quick motion — so there’s no more fumbling in the dark.
Back in March, the Gates Foundation challenged scientists to design a condom that men or women would actually want to use. The goal was to develop “new condoms that significantly preserve or enhance pleasure,” the foundation’s website says.
The motivation is simple. The Gates Foundation is one of the biggest supporters of global health (and a funder of NPR). It figures that if more couples use condoms, they’re less likely to transmit viruses like HIV or end up with unwanted pregnancies.
The foundation received more than 500 entries for the condom challenge. It announced the 11 winning proposals on Wednesday.
One things for certain: For the next-generation condom, it’s all about being thin and strong.
Studies have found that most men prefer a condom that they don’t notice, says chemical engineer Mark McGlothlin of Apex Medical Technologies, Inc. in San Diego. But it still needs to be tough enough so it doesn’t break or allow pathogens to pass through.
"Current condoms always have a plastic feeling," McGlothlin tells Shots. "We wanted to make a condom you don’t feel when you have intercourse."
To do that, McGlothlin has invented a condom made out of the same material in animal tendons and ligaments: long fibers of protein, called collagen.
"We take raw collagen from beef tendons or fish scraps and gingerly separate out the fibers," he says. "We form it into a condom … and when it dries down, it looks like sausage casing."
The result, he says, is a material that almost feels like wet skin. “It’s a totally different sensation than a latex condom. It’s like rubbing your hand on a real leather car seat versus one with fake leather. The fake fabric — and the latex — just feels bad.”
Top photo: One experimental condom has tabs on the side so it can slip on like a sock. (Courtesy of Courtesy of California Family Health Council)
Bottom photo: The starting material for this condom comes from beef tendons. The result is a fabric that’s soft and moist, like skin. (Courtesy of California Family Health Council)
Our laboratory can precisely analyze tiny samples. A few drops are all we need to perform most tests. So now, you can have your labs – from blood, urine, fluids, and more — done quickly, easily, and accurately.
Theranos’ patented technology can analyze samples as small as 1/1,000 the size of the typical blood draw. Our tests are certified in our CLIA laboratory and cover a full range from blood, urine, and other samples. It’s fast, easy, and the highest level of quality.
Introducing the Hövding: an airbag for your head. Mounted in a collar, it blows up on when you crash and surrounds your skull with an inflated hood. http://ow.ly/qNgw1
Keeping track of healthy habits can increase motivation and optimism. That’s why we created HealthyU Adventures.
The HealthyU Adventures app helps you get healthy and happy by allowing you to record healthy habits and earn points. Best of all, it’s local. We added a “find activities near me” tab that will show you the nearest northern Colorado park or recreation center.
Challenge yourself and your friends.
Start your HealthyU Adventure today and with each level you’ll grow your own Colorado Blue Spruce. Keep at it and grow your own forest!
Why not keep track and have some fun. Download it for your iPhone today!
Complications due to prolonged second stage of labor include potentially fatal maternal (hemorrhage, infection) and newborn complications (birth asphyxia and trauma).
The Odon device is a new low cost instrument to deliver the fetus when complications occur during the second stage of labor. This device is made of film-like polyethylene material and may be potentially safer and easier to apply than forceps and vacuum extractor (contraindicated in cases of HIV infection) for assisted deliveries, and a safe alternative to some Caesarean sections in settings with limited surgical capacity and human resource constraints.
The Odon device has potential for wide application in resource poor settings even by mid-level providers. If proven safe and effective, the Odon Device will be the first innovation in operative vaginal delivery since the development of forceps centuries ago and vacuum extractor decades ago. By reducing contacts between the baby’s head and the birth channel, the device could prevent infections acquired during delivery.
The Odon Device is being tested in a two-phased study in health care facilities in Argentina and rural South Africa. During phase 1, the device will be tested for safety and feasibility under normal delivery conditions. Testing has already started at a tertiary care center in Argentina in the context of a WHO approved study.