Public Health
Public Health is the science of protecting and improving the health of communities through education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, and research for disease and injury prevention. (What is Public Health? Association of Schools of Public Health )

Five Minutes Or Less For Health


Five Minutes Or Less For Health Widget. Flash Player 9 is required.
Five Minutes Or Less For Health Widget.
Flash Player 9 is required.

Multistate outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections linked to pomegranate seeds from Turkey
Posted September 23, 2013
CDC is collaborating with public health officials in several states and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate a multistate outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections. Results from the ongoing investigation are highlighted below.
Epidemiologic Investigation:


As of September 20, 2013, 162 people have been confirmed to have become ill from hepatitis A after eating ‘Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend’ in 10 states: Arizona (23), California (79), Colorado (28), Hawaii (8), New Hampshire (1), New Jersey (1), New Mexico (11), Nevada (6), Utah (3), and Wisconsin (2). [Note: The cases reported from Wisconsin resulted from exposure to the product in California, the cases reported from New Hampshire reported fruit exposure during travel to Nevada, and the case reported in New Jersey was a household contact of a confirmed case from Colorado.] Currently, 6 of the confirmed cases are household contacts of confirmed cases (secondary cases).
90 (56%) ill people are women
Ages range from 1 – 84 years;
94 (58%) of those ill were between 40 – 64 years of age. 
11 children age 18 or under were also ill. None were previously vaccinated.

Illness onset dates range from 3/31/2013 – 7/26/2013
71 (44%) ill people have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported
All ill people who reported eating this product purchased it from Costco markets; however, the product was also sold at Harris Teeter stores. No ill people have been identified that bought the product at Harris Teeter at this time.
CDC continues to track hepatitis A cases in all states and test specimens in order to determine if any other cases are related to this outbreak.



Laboratory Investigation:


The major outbreak strain of hepatitis A virus, belonging to genotype 1B, was found in clinical specimens of 117 people in nine states: AZ, CA, CO, HI, NH, NJ, NM, NV, and WI. This genotype is rarely seen in the Americas but circulates in North Africa and the Middle East.
This genotype was identified in a 2013 outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections in Europe linked to frozen berries and a 2012 outbreak in British Columbia related to a frozen berry blend with pomegranate seeds from Egypt. However, there is no evidence at this time that these outbreaks are related to the ongoing U. S. outbreak.


Regulatory Investigation:


By combining information gained from FDA’s traceback and traceforward investigations and the CDC’s epidemiological investigation, FDA and CDC have determined that the most likely vehicle for the hepatitis A virus appears to be a common shipment of pomegranate seeds from a company in Turkey, Goknur Foodstuffs Import Export Trading.
FDA will detain shipments of pomegranate seeds from Goknur when they are offered for import into the United States.
These pomegranate seeds were used by Townsend Farms to make the Townsend Farms and Harris Teeter Organic Antioxidant Blends and by Scenic Fruit Company to make the Woodstock Frozen Organic Pomegranate Kernels.
FDA will be working with the firms that have distributed pomegranate seeds from this shipment from Turkey to help ensure that all recipients of these seeds are notified.

On June 4, 2013, Townsend Farms, Inc. of Fairview, Oregon voluntarily recalled certain lots of its frozen Organic Antioxidant Blendbecause of potential hepatitis A virus contamination.
On June 28, 2013, Townsend Farms, Inc. of Fairview, Oregon, expanded its voluntary limited lot recall of frozen Organic Antioxidant Blend, 3 lb. because of potential hepatitis A virus contamination.

On June 26, 2013, Scenic Fruit Company of Gresham, Oregon recalled specific lots of Woodstock Frozen Organic Pomegranate Kernels because of potential hepatitis A virus contamination.
Additional information regarding these recalls is updated regularly at: FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Hepatitis A Illnesses Associated with Pomegranate seeds from Turkish Importer.
Consumers should not eat recalled products containing pomegranate seeds. The recalled products should be discarded.

(From CDC)

Multistate outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections linked to pomegranate seeds from Turkey

Posted September 23, 2013

CDC is collaborating with public health officials in several states and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate a multistate outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections. Results from the ongoing investigation are highlighted below.

Epidemiologic Investigation:

  • As of September 20, 2013, 162 people have been confirmed to have become ill from hepatitis A after eating ‘Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend’ in 10 states: Arizona (23), California (79), Colorado (28), Hawaii (8), New Hampshire (1), New Jersey (1), New Mexico (11), Nevada (6), Utah (3), and Wisconsin (2). [Note: The cases reported from Wisconsin resulted from exposure to the product in California, the cases reported from New Hampshire reported fruit exposure during travel to Nevada, and the case reported in New Jersey was a household contact of a confirmed case from Colorado.] Currently, 6 of the confirmed cases are household contacts of confirmed cases (secondary cases).
    • 90 (56%) ill people are women
    • Ages range from 1 – 84 years;
      • 94 (58%) of those ill were between 40 – 64 years of age. 
      • 11 children age 18 or under were also ill. None were previously vaccinated.
    • Illness onset dates range from 3/31/2013 – 7/26/2013
    • 71 (44%) ill people have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported
    • All ill people who reported eating this product purchased it from Costco markets; however, the product was also sold at Harris Teeter stores. No ill people have been identified that bought the product at Harris Teeter at this time.
    • CDC continues to track hepatitis A cases in all states and test specimens in order to determine if any other cases are related to this outbreak.

Laboratory Investigation:

  • The major outbreak strain of hepatitis A virus, belonging to genotype 1B, was found in clinical specimens of 117 people in nine states: AZ, CA, CO, HI, NH, NJ, NM, NV, and WI. This genotype is rarely seen in the Americas but circulates in North Africa and the Middle East.
  • This genotype was identified in a 2013 outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections in Europe linked to frozen berries and a 2012 outbreak in British Columbia related to a frozen berry blend with pomegranate seeds from Egypt. However, there is no evidence at this time that these outbreaks are related to the ongoing U. S. outbreak.

Regulatory Investigation:

(From CDC)
  1. lindaayurizka reblogged this from pubhealth
  2. silas216 reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  3. tobecontinued- reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  4. polymethodic reblogged this from ajora
  5. thepoemthatdoesntrhyme reblogged this from ajora
  6. justalildiff reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower and added:
    Hep A contaminated pomegranate
  7. 173boulevard reblogged this from pubhealth and added:
    Multistate outbreak of hepatitis A virus infections linked to pomegranate seeds from Turkey Posted September 23, 2013...
  8. rosemary--and--time reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  9. justineyyy reblogged this from nursingisinmyblood
  10. ajora reblogged this from pubhealth
  11. angeliqueavanozian reblogged this from radon-t
  12. rattyrattyjo reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  13. cloudstarwolf reblogged this from nursingisinmyblood
  14. radon-t reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  15. other-stuff reblogged this from wespeakfortheearth
  16. wespeakfortheearth reblogged this from nursingisinmyblood
  17. sonofgloin reblogged this from pubhealth
  18. theproductionproject reblogged this from nursingisinmyblood
  19. nursingisinmyblood reblogged this from pubhealth
  20. miathewished4 reblogged this from lahciguapa
  21. unicornsandshit0420 reblogged this from neuroneptune
  22. spidersmith13 reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower
  23. enomis13 reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower and added:
    NOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
  24. lahciguapa reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower
  25. sammysayalot reblogged this from pubhealth
  26. seaoftinyflames reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower
  27. queencoline reblogged this from high5maxi
  28. psycho-caulbearer reblogged this from knowledgeequalsblackpower